About Yigal Allon
Yigal Allon (Piekowitz) was born on October 10, 1918, in Kfar Tavor (Mesha).Growing up on a farm and working alongside his parents, Chaya and Reuven Piekowitz, and dealing with security issues from a very young age was to influence his entire life.
From 1933 to 1937 he studied in Caduri agricultural school. His class was the first graduate in the new school.
After graduating, in 1937 he joined the group that established Kibbutz Genosar.
In 1938, Allon served together with Moshe Dayan, under the command of Yitzhak Sadeh, as the commander of the security force for the group who settlers who established Hanita.
In 1939 he was the commander of the course of the Haganah officers in Juara. He married Ruth in the same year.
In 1941, with the establishment of the Palmach, Yigal was appointed commander of Company A. He commanded a reconnaissance unit that guided the road to Syria from Metula and Marjayoun, aiding the British army that attacked Syria and Lebanon.
In 1942, Allon established a unique Palmach unit and was its commander.
In 1943 he was appointed Deputy Commander of the Palmach, and took part in getting Jews out of Iraq, Syria and Lebanon and bringing them over to Israel.
In 1948, at the beginning of the War of Independence, he founded the Palmach’s Yiftah Brigade. Allon was its first commander and lead the Yiftach Operation, for the liberation of the Eastern Galilee.
He recruited to the Palmach’s special unit the Bedouin tribe of Arab al-Heib, who lived in the village of Tuba.
From August 1948, after the establishment of the IDF, he was appointed Major General, of Southern Israel, and commanded the conquest of the entire south from the Negev to Eilat.
In 1949 he was discharged from the IDF and returned home to Genosar.
In 1951 he went to Oxford University to study history, philosophy, economics and military strategy.
In 1954 he was elected to the Knesset on behalf of Ahdut Ha’avoda, and was one of the leaders of the United Kibbutz Movement.
In 1954 he founded the “Spring Meetings”: Each Year Allon hosted Jewish-Arab meetings at Genosar. In these meetings he expressed his special attitude toward the Arabs of the Galilee.
From 1961 to 1967 Allon served as Minister of Labor. In July 1967 Allon presented the “Allon Plan” which proposed a political solution to the conflict with the Arabs. The plan was not officially approved as government policy, but up until 1977 it served as a guideline to government decisions.
1967-1969 Minister of Immigration and Deputy Prime Minister.
Between 1969 and 1974 he was Minister of Education and Deputy Prime Minister.
1974-1977 Minister of Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister.
In 1973, during the Yom Kippur War, he participated with Prime Minister Golda Meir in all the security and political decisions.
In 1977 He served as chairman of the World Zionist Labor Movement and worked for the unification of the kibbutz movement.
On February 29, 1980, he died of a heart attack.
In Kibbutz Genosar’s monthly magazine it was written: “A pleasant man, a good friend, fair in the heat of the debate, knowledgeable, a theoretician and a man of action. His doctrine always clear and thorough, drawing on cultural values and a Zionist-socialist and humanistic outlook.”