About Yigal Allon
Yigal Allon (Piekowitz) was born on October 10, 1918 in Kfar Tavor (Mes’ha). His parents Chaya and Reuven Piekowitz were among the founders of Kfar Tavor. From early childhood, Allon worked alongside his parents on the farm, and was acutely aware of the challenging security issues facing the village.
Allon was a student in the first class of the renowned Caduri agricultural school.
After graduation, in 1937, he joined the group which would established Kibbutz Ginosar.
In 1938, during the Tower and Stockade period (in Hebrew Homa u’migdal), Allon served and Moshe Dayan under the command of Yitzhak Sadeh lead the security force defending the settlers who established Hanita.
In 1939, he commanded Haganah officers courses and married Ruth.
In 1941, with the establishment of the Palmach, Yigal Allon was appointed commander of company A. He commanded a reconnaissance unit that assisted the British army to attack Syria and Lebanon.
In 1942, Allon established a counter-terrorism units within the Palmach trained to assimilate among the local Arab population.
In 1943 he was appointed Deputy Commander of the Palmach, and participated in the operation assisting Jews from Iraq, Syria and Lebanon to immigrate to Palestine.
In 1948, at the beginning of the War of Independence, he founded the Palmach’s Yiftah Brigade. Allon was its first commander and lead the Yiftach Operation, for the liberation of the Eastern Galilee.
He recruited to the Palmach’s special unit the Bedouin tribe of Arab al-Heib, who lived in the village of Tuba.
After the establishment of the IDF, in August 1948, he was appointed Major General, commander of the south command. Allon lead the war efforts in the Negev to Eilat.
In 1949 he was discharged from the IDF and returned home to Ginosar.
In 1951 he went to Oxford University to study history, philosophy, economics and military strategy.
In 1954 he was elected Knesset Member on behalf of Ahdut Ha’avoda, and was one of the leaders of the United Kibbutz Movement.
In 1954 Allon began the tradition of the “Spring Gatherings.” Each Year he hosted Jewish-Arab meetings at Ginosar.
Between 1961 and 1967 Allon served as Minister of Labor. In July 1967, after the Six-Day War, Allon presented the “Allon Plan” which proposed a political solution to the conflict with the Palestinians. The plan was not officially adopted by the government, but until 1977 it served as a guideline for government decisions.
1967-1969 Allon was Minister of Immigration and Assimilation and Deputy Prime Minister.
Between 1969 and 1974 he was Minister of Education and Deputy Prime Minister.
1974-1977 Minister of Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister.
In 1973, during the Yom Kippur War, he participated with Prime Minister Golda Meir in all the security and political decisions.
In 1977 He served as chairman of the World Zionist Labor Movement and worked for the unification of the kibbutz movement.
On February 29, 1980, he died of a heart attack.
In Kibbutz Ginosar’s monthly magazine it was written: “A pleasant man, a good friend, fair in the heat of the debate, knowledgeable, a theoretician and a man of action. His doctrine always clear and thorough, drawing on cultural values and a Zionist-socialist and humanistic outlook.”